Age 5 Development – ​​Language Skills

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Age 5 Development – ​​Language Skills

Language has two main points:

  • Receptive language (understanding): The language is intelligible.
  • Expressive language (using language): Using language, speech, sign, or alternative forms of communication to convey wants, needs, thoughts, and ideas.


  • Follows the conversations of the people around.


  • His repertoire continues to expand.
  • Usually understands words related to color and shapes (eg, red, square).
  • Sorts objects into simple categories (e.g. animals, food)

Sentence Information

  • Uses at least 4-5 words in a sentence.

Grammar Knowledge

  • Makes sentences in past and future tense.
  • Uses belonging pronouns (his, their).
  • Uses comparison and width expressions.
  • Recognizes singular and plural expressions.
  • Makes simple sentences in the past tense.
  • It uses the conjunction “because”.
  • Uses adverbs in sentences. Uses plural expressions.

Concept Knowledge

Mid to late 4 year old:

  • Position: in the middle, around, far, between, along, near/near, at the end.
  • Size: short (length), short (height), tall, overweight.
  • Position: 4, most, less

At the end of 4-5 years:

  • Position: in front, in the row, in the corner, in the middle
  • Size: slim Quantity: 5 pcs, pair
  • Other: same, different (size); different (function)


  • How to understand the questions.
  • Asks the meaning of words.

Possible Situations Encountered When It Doesn’t Progress

  • Socialization may be difficult.
  • Due to lack of understanding and attention, he may try to learn by imitating others.
  • May have difficulty following directions at home or kindergarten.
  • It may be difficult to be understood by peers.
  • It may be difficult to be understood by people he does not know.
  • May have difficulty expressing their wants, needs, thoughts and desires.
  • May have difficulty answering questions properly.
  • He may have problems with speaking fluency because he cannot find the right word.

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